Category Archives: Spanish and French Online

La Bretagne, Hadrian’s Wall, Palets Bretons!

KS3 French – La Bretagne

Introduction to Brittany, Hadrian’s Wall, the Celts, and a recipe for French biscuits from La Bretagne.
Use this French Video resource and free Gap Fill Worksheet for listening and reading practice looking at a region in France and its links to the UK.
It includes highlighted grammar and vocabulary to look out for in the worksheet, and a lovely biscuit recipe for traditional Palets Bretons.
Make these delicious French biscuits from Brittany using this easy recipe:
Palets Bretons Biscuit Recipe

Grammar:
Nationality nouns have capitals, but nationality adjectives do not in French. E.g:
Les Celtes       –  les traditions celtiques
Les Bretons   – les pâtisseries bretonnes
Les Romains  – la défense romaine

Free worksheet:
Nations, Nationality, French Adjectives – Gap Fill Worksheet

Vocabulary:
Le Pays de Galles   –  Wales
L’Écosse (f)                  –  Scotland
L’Irlande (f)                 – Ireland
Le Royame Uni        – United Kingdom
une galette      –  a pancake
un gâteau         –  a cake
un biscuit         –  a biscuit
(biscuit = cooked twice:  bis = x2 + cuit = cooked)

Adjectives:
long – longue
sec – sèche
rond – ronde
épais – épaisse
délicieux – délicieuse
important – importante

Video Transcript + English Translation:

English Translation:
Here is Brittany, a peninsular region in the west of France.
The inhabitants of Brittany are called the Bretons.
Brittany has Celtic culture and traditions that are similar to those in Wales, Scotland and Ireland.
Long ago there were Celts everywhere in Europe.
The whole United Kingdom was governed by Celts before the Roman invasion.
This wall, Hadrian’s Wall, was a Roman defence against the Celts from the north.
The wall crosses England from east to west.
These dogs walked the whole length of the wall, a long five day walk.
They loved it!
BRITTANY
The sea is very important in Brittany.
The beaches are magnificent.
Breton pastries are delicious.
Brittany is known for its pancakes, its cakes and its biscuits!
A ‘palet breton’ is a dry, crumbly, very delicious biscuit.
It is round and thick. (1.5cm)
Its name comes from a Breton game, the ‘jeu de palets’.

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT IN FRENCH:

Voici la Bretagne, une région péninsulaire à l’ouest de la France.
Les habitants de la Bretagne s’appellent les Bretons.
La Bretagne a de la culture et des traditions celtiques qui ressemblent à celles du Pays de Galles, de l’Écosse et de l’Irlande.
Autrefois il y avait des Celtes partout en Europe.
Tout le Royaume Uni était gouverné par des Celtes avant l’invasion des Romains.
Ce mur, le mur d’Hadrian, était une défense romaine contre les Celtes du nord.
Le mur traverse l’Angleterre de l’est à l’ouest.
Ces chiens ont marché tout le long du mur, une longue marche de cinq jours.
Ils ont beaucoup aimé!
La Bretagne.
La mer est très importante en Bretagne.
Les plages sont magnifiques.
Les pâtisseries bretonnes sont délicieuses.
La Bretagne est connue pour ses galettes, ses gâteaux et ses biscuits!
Un palet breton est un biscuit sec, friable et vraiment délicieux.
Il est rond et épais (1.5cm).
Son nom vient d’un jeu breton, le jeu de palets.




French Biscuit Recipe – Palets Bretons

Palets Bretons French Biscuit Recipe

La Bretagne, Brittany, is a region in the North West of France that is famous for many things including its deliciously buttery and very crumbly biscuits.
There are two kinds: ‘Sablés Bretons‘ and ‘Palets Bretons‘.
‘Sable’ = sand, and ‘palet’ = disc.
Both are round, crumbly biscuits full of salted butter, and the difference is that ‘Palets Bretons’ are thicker, usually about 1.5cm tall.
‘Palets Bretons’ biscuits are named after the discs used in a traditional game from Brittany called ‘jeu de palets‘. Players throw discs onto a board placed five metres away on the ground. A game called ‘Shuffleboard‘ is sometimes played in a similar way.

Cooking essentials:
Oven temperature – 180C, or 160C in a fan oven.
Muffin Tin: A pastry chef would have individual moulds for each biscuit, but a non-stick muffin tin works extremely well. There is no need to grease it as the biscuits have enough butter in them.
Moulds or a muffin tin are essential, to stop the butter from oozing out of the biscuits while they are cooking.

Ingredients for Palets Bretons:

180g salted butter, softened
150g sugar
4 egg yolks (5 if they are small)
250g plain flour
6g (1tspn) baking powder

Method:
Beat together the sugar and eggs
Beat in the soft salted butter
Mix the baking powder into the flour, and fold it slowly into the buttery mixture.
The consistency should be perfect to be able to roll it very gently with your hands into a sausage on a very lightly floured piece of baking parchment on a flat surface.

Use a ruler to make the sausage dough 32cms long.

Roll up the sausage of dough in the parchment and place it in the fridge for half an hour.

Now use a sharp knife to slice the sausage in half (at the 16cm mark) and then cut 11 biscuits from each half, making a total of 22 biscuits.
Do not worry if the underside edge of the dough is a bit flat. This will sort itself out in the oven.

One muffin tin is fine. Bake the first 12 biscuits in the middle of the oven for 15-20 minutes. Wait a couple of minutes and then lift them gently onto a cooling rack.

Wait for the muffin tin to cool down, and then bake the final batch of 10 biscuits.

BISCUITS …  Cooked twice!

Did you know that the word ‘biscuit’ means ‘cooked twice’?
Bis = x2, Cuit = cooked (in French)!
Palets Bretons should be crumbly, NOT the texture of a cake.
If you realise that your biscuits are not crumbly all the way through, bake them again for another 5+ minutes.
They will taste better for it.

ENJOY!

– – –

Find out more about La Bretagne, the region in France where palets bretons biscuits come from, and its links to the United Kingdom:
KS3 French Activity – La Bretagne

French Cooking Vocabulary:
de la farine           – some flour
de la levure          – some baking powder
du sucre                 – some sugar
du beurre                – some butter
un oeuf                     – an egg
un jaune d’oeuf     – an egg yolk
salé                            – salted, salty




Learn French Adverbs

French Adverbs – Video + Worksheets

Study French Adverbs in a story resource which includes two printable worksheets and a video clip to put the adverbs into context.
Work with the video clip, study the adverbs, and complete the printable worksheets:
1.  Vocabulary + Translation Practice
2.  Gap Fill Exercise

Adverbs describe verbs. They can explain how, where or when the verb action takes place.  This resource contains the following adverbs:

Examples of WHEN:
maintenant        – now
quelquefois        – sometimes
hier                         – yesterday
toujours               – always
immédiatement  – immediately

Examples of HOW:
tranquillement  – peacefully
énormément      – enormously, a huge amount, hugely
vraiment               – really
facilement           – easily
gentiment            – kindly
sagement             – nicely, quietly, wisely
heureusement  – thankfully, luckily, happily
poliment               – politely
assez                       – quite
bien                          – well
encore                    – still
beaucoup             – a lot
trop                          – too much
vite                           – quickly

Examples of WHERE:
dehors                    – outside
partout                  – everywhere

French Adverbs in a Short Story

The Story/Video Transcript:

Il est difficile de s’intégrer dans une nouvelle école.
Tout est nouveau. On ne connaît personne. On a peur!

Il est difficile de s’intégrer dans une nouvelle famille aussi.

Je suis Gaston.
J’ai quitté ma mère hier.
J’ai peur, mais je veux être courageux.
Je me présente poliment.
J’ai de la chance.
Le chien de la famille s’occupe gentiment de moi.
En plus il aime jouer! Moi, j’adore jouer!
Nous jouons dehors. Nous jouons partout.
Quelquefois il se fâche si je joue trop.
J’arrête immédiatement parce que j’ai vraiment envie d’avoir un ami.
J’essaie d’apprendre vite.
J’aime ma maîtresse.
Elle me donne toujours beaucoup à manger!
J’apprends à m’asseoir sagement à côté d’elle.
J’ai encore énormément à apprendre.
Mais ça va bien maintenant.
Je me suis habitué assez facilement à cette nouvelle vie.
J’ai un lit où je peux dormir tranquillement.
Heureusement j’ai trouvé un nouvel ami aussi.




Argentina + Alfajores

Where is Argentina? What are Alfajores?

All countries and areas around the world have traditions built up over many years, and many of those traditions involve food, the preparation of it and the recipes that have evolved.
Everybody loves biscuits …
In Argentina the most well-known biscuits are called Alfajores, and they are frequently filled with Dulce de Leche, the most traditional and popular sweet filling not only in Argentina but also in the rest of South America.

Dulce de Leche is like caramel but it does not contain any butter or margarine.  It is made from cooking milk and sugar for a very long time.
A very easy way to make your own Dulce de Leche is to put a tin of condensed milk in a saucepan with enough water that it covers the tin completely, bring the water to the boil, and simmer with the lid on for 3 hours (easier still if you can just leave it simmering in the oven for that time).

What are the most traditional cakes and biscuits where you live?  Is there anything special about them?  Do they have a story?  Were they invented by mistake?!

Do read the recipe below and have a go at making ALFAJORES with DULCE DE LECHE. This is a printable worksheet of the recipe:
A Green Mouse Alfajores Recipe

But first, do some Spanish Practice via this video, transcript, and printable worksheet:

Spanish Practice – Argentina + Alfajores

This free Worksheet has questions for children to answer:
PRINTABLE WORKSHEET

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT

Argentina es un país.
Tiene 23 provincias.
América del Sur es un continente.
Argentina está en el extremo sur de Sudamérica.
Sudamérica es lo mismo que América del Sur.
Esta galleta se llama un alfajor.
Esta crema se llama dulce de leche.
Los sudamericanos comen muchos alfajores y mucho dulce de leche.
Son parte de su cultura y tradición.
¡Alfajores llenos de dulce de leche son muy ricos!
Un poquito de coco rallado es una buena idea también.
El resultado es bonito y delicioso.
Cada provincia de Argentina tiene una receta de alfajores preferida, cada país en Sudamérica también.

– – –

Easy Alfajores Recipe

Ingredients:
300g plain flour
200g caster sugar
100g soft butter
1 egg (beaten)
grated coconut (optional)

For the filling: 
Dulce de Leche!
(buy a jar or buy a tin of condensed milk and make your own – see above)

Method:
– Mix the dry ingredients together
– 
Rub in the butter
– Mix in the beaten egg to form a soft dough
– Roll out the dough with a rolling pin to about 0.5cm thick on a floured surface.
– Use cookie cutters to cut out round shapes about 4cm wide.
– Place them evenly on non-stick baking trays.

Bake, one tray at a time, in a pre-heated oven, 180C, for 8 minutes approximately.  The biscuits need to be dried out/cooked through but not golden brown. To check if they are done, pick one up gently and look underneath.
If the dough is still slightly wet on the underside of the biscuit put the biscuits back in the oven for a little longer.
(There is no point in having raw biscuits – better golden than raw)

When the biscuits have cooled they can be stored or even frozen until you are ready to eat them.
When you ARE ready, put some grated coconut in a flat bowl and open a jar/tin of dulce de leche.  Turn the biscuits upside down and put two biscuits together at a time with  a generous 1cm+ layer of dulce de leche in the middle.
Squeeze the biscuits together so that the dulce de leche sticks out a little.
Roll the biscuit sideways along the grated coconut so that it sticks to the dulce de leche.

When all the biscuits are ready, sprinkle a little grated coconut over them for decoration and serve.




French Verb Faire – Present Tense Practice

The Verb Faire Video + Worksheets

Faire = to have or to make.
Faire = to be to say what the weather IS like.
Faire = to do to talk about DOING sport (without a ball)

Quel temps fait-il?   What is the weather like?
– to be …  + the weather:
– Il fait soleil = it is sunny
– Il fait beau = it is lovely, it is nice weather

Que fais-tu?   What are you doing/making?
– Je fais du travail = I do some work
– Je fais un gâteau = I make a cake

Examples of expressions that use the verb Faire:
– Je fais la tête    = to have a sulk, to sulk (I do the head?!).
– Je fais la sieste = I have a snooze (I do a snooze?!)
– Je fais la fête     = I have a party/I celebrate

– Je fais attention   – I pay attention.
– Faites attention! – Pay attention!

Translation Exercise WORKSHEET
Reading Practice WORKSHEET

Uses of the Verb Faire Video

The Verb Faire Quiz Test:

START QUIZ

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT:
Use it for reading and translation practice.
Give pupils the chance to act out the parts of the characters in the video and say their ‘lines’:

Monsieur Le Chat,
Que fais-tu?
Je fais ce que je veux.
Ce matin je fais la grasse matinée dans la cuisine.

Le Temps.  Quel temps fait-il?
Il fait beau.  Il fait soleil.  Il fait chaud.
Billy!  Que fais-tu?
Je fais un effort pour ne pas voler la viande.
Je ne fais pas de bêtises.
Maggie!  Que fais-tu?
Je fais de la peine à Billy.  Je cache son jouet.

Il fait nuit dehors.
Que fais-tu?
Je fais un effort.
Je fais un gâteau.
Je fais la fête pour l’anniversaire de Billy!

Quel temps fait-il?
Il fait du vent.
Que fais-tu?
Je fais du travail pour protégér l’arbre.

Quel temps fait-il?
Il fait froid.
Que fais-tu en hiver?
Je fais des bêtises dans la neige.
Que fais-tu après?
Je fais la sieste à côté du four.

Quel temps fait-il?
Il fait beau.  Il fait chaud.
Que fais-tu quand il fait chaud?
Je fais une promenade au bord de la mer.
Et moi je fais de la natation.

Que fais-tu à la plage?
Je fais un château de sable.
Moi aussi je fais un château de sable.

Faites attention!
Je fais peur à tout le monde!




El Perro de mi Abuelo

Spanish Story in the Imperfect Tense

Spanish Short Story for practice using the imperfect tense to learn about and discuss a family dog in 1930’s Spain.
There are two youtube videos, story transcripts in both Spanish and English, and printable exercises.
The story ends in the Perfect Tense.
Pick out the verbs in the Imperfect Tense. Think about why the story ends in the Perfect Tense. Read the story aloud.
Study the Video.
Complete the PDF gap fill exercise.  Answer the downloadable questions.

Video with Spanish Subtitles:

Video with NO Subtitles:

El Perro de mi abuelo – Bonzo
Maggie era mi perro y la mamá de Billy. Era blanca y negra. La quería mucho.
¡Hace muchos años mi padre tenía un perro blanco y negro también! Se llamaba Bonzo y vivía en España con mi papá y mis abuelos.
A mi abuelo le gustaban los animales, sobretodo los perros callejeros, como Bonzo.  Mi abuelo había rescatado Bonzo de un barco en que se había caído rompiendo una de sus patas.
Pensaba que los perros callejeros eran interesantes y valientes. Sonreía cuando los veía durmiendo tranquilamente en medio de la carretera.
Bonzo era inteligente y muy divertido. Usaba solo tres patas para correr por causa del accidente en el barco.
En esa época existía la profesión de ‘perrero’.
  El perrero se encargaba de echar los perros callejeros de los lugares públicos.
Toda la familia tenía miedo del perrero y se preocupaba por Bonzo porque le gustaba ir de paseo … ¡No debía salir a la calle … pero a veces se escapaba!
Un día, cuando la familia estaba mudando de casa, Bonzo pasó por las barandillas de la casa nueva y desapareció.
¡Qué angústia! ¿Dónde estaba? ¿Lo tenía el perrero?
¡El día siguiente mi abuelo lo encontró esperando tranquilamente en el patio de la otra casa!

Aunque mi padre nació en Sevilla, era inglés, y mi abuelo también. Cuando empezó la Guerra Civil mi padre estaba en Inglaterra, pero mi abuelo fue rescatado por un buque de guerra inglés.
Bonzo tuvo que quedarse en España con un amigo de la familia, pero no pudo aguantar la ausencia de mi abuelo y murió tres semanas después, el corazón hecho pedazos.

Questions:

Answer in full sentences using the imperfect tense.

¿Dónde vivía Bonzo?

¿Cuáles eran los animales preferidos de my abuelo?

¿Cuántas patas usaba Bonzo para correr?

¿Cómo era Bonzo?

¿Qué hacía el perrero?

A veces Bonzo se escapaba. ¿Por qué?

¿Dónde estaba mi padre cuando empezó la Guerra Civil?

¿Dónde estaba mi abuelo cuando empezó la Guerra Civil?

– – – –

English Translation of the Story:
My Grandfather’s Dog – Bonzo
Maggie was my dog and Billy’s mother.  She was black and white.  I loved her very much.
Many years ago my father had a black and white dog too!
It was called Bonzo and it lived in Spain with my father and my grandparents.
My grandfather loved animals, especially stray dogs like Bonzo.  My grandfather had rescued Bonzo from a boat which he had fallen into breaking one of his paws.
He thought stray dogs were brave and interesting.  He smiled when he saw them sleeping peacefully in the middle of the road.  Bonzo was intelligent and great fun.  He ran using only three legs because of the accident on the boat.
In those days there was a profession called ‘Dog Catcher’.  The Dog Catcher was in charge of getting rid of stray dogs from public places.
The whole family was scared of the Dog Catcher and worried about Bonzo because he liked to go walkabout …  He wasn’t supposed to go out on the street … but sometimes he escaped!
One day, when the family was moving house, Bonzo got through the railings of the new house and disappeared.  What a worry!
Where was he?  Did the Dog Catcher have him?
The next day my grandfather found him in the courtyard of the other house!
Although my father was born in Sevilla, he was English, and my grandfather was too.  When the Civil War broke out my father was in England, but my grandfather was rescued by an English warship.
Bonzo had to stay in Spain with a friend of the family, but he couldn’t bear the absence of my grandfather and he died of a broken heart three weeks later.

Free  PDF Gap Fill Exercise

Free  PDF Questions Worksheet




Ser and Estar re Character vs Feelings




Ser for Character – Estar for Feelings

Spanish Verb Practice using Ser and Estar to describe Maggie and Billy’s characters and personalities versus their more temporary moods and feelings.
Maggie and Billy are characters from A Green Mouse stories.
Video Clip + downloadable Gap Fill + Translation Practice Worksheet

SER –
Use SER for Character + more permanent Characteristics:
¿Cómo eres Maggie?  
What are you like, Maggie?
Soy alegre                    I am happy, cheerful
Soy celosa                    I am jealous  (Yes, hmm, you steal Billy’s toys!)
Soy divertida              I am fun
Soy pequeña               I am small
Soy bonita                   I am pretty
Soy graciosa               I am funny
Soy atrevida                I am daring, brave
Soy desobediente     I am disobedient

¿Cómo eres Billy?    What are you like, Billy?
Soy alegre                     I am cheerful
Soy fiel                            I am faithful
Soy simpático             I am nice
Soy deportivo              I am sporty
No soy atrevido          I am not daring, I am not brave
No soy desobediente   I am not disobedient
. . . .

ESTAR –
Use ESTAR to describe Maggie and Billy’s temporary feelings.
Like all of us, Maggie and Billy have occasional, temporary feelings such as feeling happy, sad, worried, jealous:

How do you feel, Maggie, when we are packing our suitcases and getting ready to go on holiday?
Estoy triste                       I am sad, I feel sad!

How do you feel, Billy, when Maggie is stealing your toy and burying it in the garden?
Estoy preocupado         I am worried, I feel worried!
Estoy triste                      I am sad, I feel sad!

How do you feel, Maggie, when Billy is getting attention?
Estoy celosa                    I feel jealous

How do you feel, Billy, when Maggie is tobogganing?
Estoy triste.                    I am sad.
Why?
Estoy triste porque no soy atrevido.   I am sad because I am not brave.

How do you both feel on a walk?
Maggie:  Estoy contenta    I am happy, I feel happy
Billy:        Estoy contento    I am happy, I feel happy
¡Estamos contentos!            We are happy, we feel happy

Try this video clip for Listening Practice using SER and ESTAR + Adjectives in a short story/description about Maggie and Billy:

Downloadable Worksheet

Video Transcript/Story in Spanish:

Somos Maggie y Billy.
Somos amigos.
Somos perros alegres y divertidos.

Soy Maggie.
Soy pequeña y muy bonita.
Soy graciosa y atrevida.

¡Hoy estoy sucia!
¡Estoy nadando en las hojas!
¡Estoy horrible!
¡Estoy sucia!

Soy Billy.
No estoy sucio.
Comment to Maggie from Billy:  Tú sí.  ¡Tú estás sucia!
No soy desobediente.
Soy bien educado.
Soy simpático y amable.
Soy deportivo.
¡Estoy en forma!
Estoy muy contento cuando estoy con mis juguetes.
Sí.  Es mi juguete.
De vez en cuando estoy triste y preocupado.
¿Por qué?
Porque Maggie es celosa y le gusta esconder mi jirafa!

– – –

Click here for more Ser and Estar Practice:  Spanish Verb Practice

Index to all resources:
French Resources
Spanish Resources

Ser and Estar + A Mountain Rescue




Ser vs Estar Mountain Rescue Story

Free Spanish Verb Practice: Video clip + Gap Fill Exercise and downloadable worksheet. Contrasting examples of SER and ESTAR in the Present Tense:

SER      (Soy, eres, es, somos, sois, son)
ESTAR (Estoy, estás, está, estamos, estáis, están)

Free Downloadable Gap Fill Worksheet:

Present Continuous form of the following verbs
Translate the verbs in brackets into Spanish + find a place for the following:
Trasladar   –   trasladando
Limpiar       –   limpiando
Nevar          –   nevando
Volar           –   volando
Poner         –   poniendo
Llover        –   lloviendo

Use SER to tell the time, say who/what you are, character/characteristics, Nationality + where you are from, Profession + Religious faith:
Time:
Es la una        – It is 1 o’clock
Son las diez  – It is 10 o’clock

Who you are:
Soy Pedro  – I am Peter

What you are:
Soy un hombre  – I am a man

Character/Characteristics:
Soy alto  – I am tall
Soy amable – I am friendly

Where you are from:
Soy de España  – I am from Spain
Somos de Valencia  – We are from Valencia

Nationality:
Soy español – I am Spanish
Somos Colombianos – We are Colombian

Profession:
Soy médico  – I am a doctor

Faith:
Soy + choice of religion
Soy religioso – I am religious

Use ESTAR for temporary things: Feelings, where you are, what you are doing/what is happening:
Temporary Feelings:
Estoy enojado     – I am angry

Where – Location:
Estoy en España  – I am in Spain
Madrid está en España – Madrid is in Spain
Estoy en casa  – I am at home

What you are doing/What is happening:
Estoy cantando  – I am singing

More Ser v Estar:  Spanish Verb Practice

Index to all resources:
French Resources
Spanish Resources

Spanish Verbs: Darse cuenta, Hace falta




Spanish Story about a Rescue

Darse cuenta  = to realise, to notice
Hace falta  = it’s necessary to, one needs to …
Hay que      = One must, it is necessary to …

Verbs in the Story: 
despegar   to take off
aterrizar    to land
tener que   to have to
darse cuenta    to notice, to realise
ir    to go
hacer falta   to be necessary
Estar (+ gerund)    to be + doing verb
Ser                 to be
Mirar            to look
ver                 to see
Llegar          to arrive
Empezar     to start
Viajar           to travel
Tener           to have
Trabajar      to work
Esquiar        to ski
Preparar      to prepare
Poder            to be able to

Sometimes ‘poder’ is used as a reflexive verb in Spanish, like in this phrase in the story:
“… donde se puede aterrizar.”  =  where it’s possible to land.

‘Snowplough’ in Spanish:
un quitanieves  =  literally ‘a get rid of snow ..!’

Downloadable PDF Worksheet:

Translation Exercise:
Fill in the Gaps in the Translation Exercise above using the following verbs:
– Hay que tener cuidado  – Me doy cuenta  – Hace falta  – Veo
– Preparan  – Aterriza  – Está nevando  – Voy a esquiar
– Estoy  – No puede aterrizar  – Va despegar  – Son  – Me encantaría
– Está lloviendo  – Hay que trabajar  – Hay que  – Va llegar
– Me doy cuenta  – Hace falta  – Hay que tener

Uncertain about when to use Ser or Estar?  In the following resource the verbs that describe this real helicopter rescue have been changed to focus on practice using SER and ESTAR.

For practice talking about a holiday in Spain using three tenses, go to:
KS3 Spanish Holiday Practice

Index to all resources:
French Resources
Spanish Resources

C’est versus il est




C’est vs il est

C’est = it is
il est = it is
How and when to use il est instead of c’est.
The resource includes a subtitled video clip + a free worksheet that can be self-corrected by returning to the video.

Use C’est + NOUNS
e.g:
C’est un garçon  –  It’s a boy
C’est un garçon intelligent –  He’s a clever boy

Use il est + ADJECTIVES
e.g:
Il est intelligent  –  He is clever
Il est anglais  –  He is English

BUT:
Use Il est with occupations:
e.g:  il est professeur –  he is a teacher

AND:
Use C’est with an adjective for an exclamation:
e.g:  C’est bien!   It’s/That’s good! 

GRAMMAR EXERCISE:
Video Transcript in French excluding ‘c’est’ + ‘il est’.
Use it as a worksheet after working with the video:

It’s  _______      Claude.
He is _______    arboriste-grimpeur.
He is _______    courageux.
It is _______      un emploi dangereux.
It is _______      dangereux!

It’s _______        Pierre.
He is _______     pêcheur.
He is _______     français.

It’s _______       un poisson.
It’s _______        un thon.
It’s _______       petit.
It’s _______      dommage!

It’s _______      Monsieur Martin.
He is _______   aimable.
He is _______   conducteur de bus.
He is ________   français.

It’s _______      un goûter français.
It’s _______      bon!
It’s _______      l’heure de manger.

À bientôt!
. . .

Downloadable Worksheet

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Perfect Tense of Avoir + Passer




Perfect Tense of AVOIR + Use of PASSER

Practice via a Video clip + downloadable Gap Fill Exercise.
The Perfect Tense of AVOIR
is formed by using the present tense of AVOIR  followed by the past participle of AVOIR:  EU
J’ai  +  eu   I had, I have had
E.g.
J’ai eu une bonne surprise
I had a lovely surprise

Tu as eu peur
you were frightened

Il a eu envie de partir
he wanted to leave

Nous avons eu une idée
we had an idea

Vous avez eu besoin d’aide
you needed help

Ils ont eu tort
they were wrong

(Uses of the verb AVOIR here)

WHEN TO USE PASSER:
The verb PASSER must be used instead of AVOIR to talk about having had a good/bad time in French 
because in French people talk about ‘having spent time’:

PASSERto spend (time) … especially in the past
Passé  is the past participle of Passer
E.g:
J’ai passé une belle journée
I had a lovely day, I have had a lovely day  
J’ai passé un bon weekend
I had a good weekend

Questions + Answers:
Tu as passé de bonnes vacances?
Oui, j’ai passé de bonnes vacances.
Non, je n’ai pas passé de bonnes vacances.

Formal/plural:

Vous avez passé un bon weekend?
Oui, nous avons passé un bon weekend.
Non, nous n’avons pas passé un bon weekend …

Downloadable Gap Fill Worksheet:

Index to all resources:
French Resources
Spanish Resources

Spanish Numbers Song




Sing Numbers in Spanish 0 – 10

Sing and count numbers 0 to 10 in Spanish in a friendly song for kids which includes useful Pronunciation Practice:
–  Hasta = up to/until
‘H’s are silent in Spanish

–  CachoRRo = puppy:
Roll your Spanish double ‘RR’s!

The letter C in Spanish:
C in Cuatro (4) sounds like the C in ‘Cat’.
C in Cero (0) sounds like ‘th’ or ‘S’  because it is in front of an ‘i’ or an ‘e’:

0 – 10 =  Cero hasta diez
0 – 10 =  Cero hasta diez
Diez = 10!  Z in Spanish sounds like ‘th’ or ‘s’.

Otra vez = again
‘Vs sound like ‘Bs’ in Spanish
Listen to the V in ‘Otra vez’ and join in!

Index to all resources:
French Resources
Spanish Resources

Ma Voiture Story: Present + Past Tenses




French Dog Story –
Present + Past Tenses

French Short Story, Video Clip + Translation Practice (+ free Gap Fill Exercisewhich begins in the Present tense and switches to the Perfect Tense.

Find these Past Participles in the story below:
–  acheté   (bought)   from AchetER (to buy)
–  accepté (accepted) from AcceptER (to accept)
(Note: The past participles of Regular ER Verbs end in ‘é’)


Irregular Verbs:

–  fait (did)   from Faire  (to do)
–  été  (was)  from  Être    (to be)
 eu   (had)   from  Avoir  (to have)

Watch the video, then translate the story:

Downloadable Worksheet:

MA VOITURE!
Maggie et Billy aiment aller en voiture.
Mais Maggie est souvent très sale,
et Billy est souvent mouillé!
Il est souvent sale et mouillé parce qu’il aime nager.
Maggie est souvent sale et mouillée parce qu’elle aime courir dans les bois.
En plus, tous les deux aiment beaucoup la plage.

C’est un problème.
Ma voiture est trop sale!

Un jour j’ai eu une idée.
J’ai fait des recherches …
et j’ai acheté des sacs pour ‘chien mouillé’.

Maggie n’a pas été contente.
Et Billy?
Il a accepté tout de suite.

Bien fait, Billy!

– –  – –

MORE STORIES:
A Green Mouse French Stories

French dog story for kids
Maggie est mouillée

Spanish Song in the Imperfect Tense

El Perrito Chiquitito

Spanish Song for Children in the Imperfect Tense about a little puppy that wanted to escape and explore …
Había una vez
–  Once upon a time …
Había una vez un perrito chiquitito
Once upon a time there was a little puppy!
‘Un Perrito Chiquitito’ is sung to the tune of the traditional Spanish children’s song:  El Barquito Chiquitito

Modal Verbs, 3rd person, Imperfect Tense:
no sabía    – it didn’t know
no podía   – it couldn’t
no debía   – it was not supposed to …
Modal verbs need a 2nd verb in the infinitive:
escapar = to escape:
No sabía escapar  –  it didn’t know how to escape
No podía escapar it couldn’t escape
No debía escapar –  it wasn’t supposed to escape

The story ends in the perfect tense.




LYRICS + GUITAR CHORDS:

A            E       A
Había una vez
.              E                   A
un perrito chiquitito,
(There was once a little puppy) x2
A            E       A

Había una vez
.             E                    A
un perrito chiquitito,

.           D
Que no sabía,
That didn’t know how to,
.          A
que no podía,
that couldn’t,
.         E                              A
que no debía escapar.
that wasn’t supposed to escape.

Hold up your hands and
 count to 6 on your fingers whilst singing:

.     A           E                A
Pasaron un, dos, tres,
.                 E                     A
cuatro, cinco, seis semanas
1 2 3 4 5 6 weeks went by(x2)
.     A          E                   A
Pasaron un, dos, tres,
.                E                      A
cuatro, cinco, seis semanas …


.        D
Y aquel perrito,
.         A
y aquel perrito,
.        E                                      A
y aquel perrito escapó.

(And that little puppy,
and that little puppy,
and that little puppy escaped.)

Repeat!

For more practice using Spanish Modal Verbs in the context of scoring goals on a Playstation this time, go to:
Modal Verbs in Spanish


Index to all resources:

French Resources
Spanish Resources

Cielito Lindo: Lyrics + Guitar chords




Cielito Lindo – Lyrics + Chords

Learn to sing and play Cielito Lindo.
Lyrics, easy Guitar Chords, Video Clip + Spanish/English Translation.

Cielito Lindo is a Mexican folksong in triple time (3 beats in the bar).
It is in the shape of a ‘Seguidilla’.
The tune lends itself to being sung to different words.
For example, how about beginning a verse with:
G
“Somos los estudiantes de
……………………….. D7
la clase de don/doña ……..”

What next? Be inventive, be nice, and make sure the words fit in with the tune …
Cielito Lindo means ‘pretty little sky‘, used as a lovely nickname for a beautiful girl in the song.

Lyrics + Guitar Chords:
Refrain:
G ………..  C
Ay, ay, ay, ay,
D7 ……….. G
Canta y no llores,
………………………  D7
Porque cantando se alegran,
………………………  G
Cielito Lindo, los corazones.

Verse 1
G
De la Sierra Morena,
………………………. D7
Cielito Lindo, vienen bajando,
un par de ojitos negros,
………………………… G
Cielito Lindo, de contrabando.

Verse 2
G
Ese lunar que tienes,
……………………….  D7
Cielito Lindo, junto a la boca,
No se lo des a nadie,
………………………… . G
Cielito Lindo, que a mí me toca.

Verse 3
G
Una flecha en el aire,
………………………. D7
Cielito Lindo, lanzó Cupido,

si la tiró jugando,
……………………………. G
Cielito Lindo, a mí me ha herido.
– – –

English Translation
It is not a literal (word for word) translation.

Refrain:
Oh, oh, oh, oh,
Sing, don’t cry,
Because, Cielito Lindo,
singing cheers the heart.

Verse 1. Cielito Lindo, a pair of black highwayman’s eyes
is coming down the Morena mountain range.

Verse 2. Cielito Lindo, don’t give that mole next to your mouth to anybody else, it is mine!

Verse 3. Cielito Lindo, Cupid fired an arrow into the air.
Even if he fired it for fun, it has hurt me!

There are countless versions of Cielito Lindo online for ideas of how to liven up a performance and incorporate more sounds and instruments.

image for Cielito Lindo


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French Resources
Spanish Resources

French Direct Object Pronouns




French Direct Object Pronouns

How to use and recognise Le, La, L’, Les  as Direct Object Pronouns.
Spot the Direct Object in this sentence:
The boy –  sees –  the dog
‘The boy’ is the subject.  ‘Sees’ is the verb.  ‘The dog’ is the direct object.
Here is the sentence again using a direct object pronoun:
The boy sees it (the dog)

IN FRENCH the Direct Object Pronoun goes in front of the verb:
The boy sees the dog =  Le garçon  voit  le chien(m)
The boy sees it        =  Le garçon le voit

Grammar + practice in a story context with a subtitled video clip and downloadable PDF Worksheet.
Use:
le  
+ masculine nouns
la  
+ feminine nouns
l’   
+ all nouns that start with a vowel
les
+ all plural nouns

Verbs in the Video/Story:
Aimer, Connaître, Prendre, Cacher, Voler, Adorer

Free downloadable Gap Fill PDF Worksheet

Video Transcript/Story:

Tu connais Maggie?
Oui, je la connais.
Tu connais Billy?
Oui, je le connais.
Il est le fils de Maggie.
Tu aimes Maggie?
Billy l’aime beaucoup.

Quelquefois elle n’est pas gentille!
Tu connais le jouet préféré de Billy?
Oui, je le connais:  C’est la girafe.
Maggie le connaît très bien, et elle est jalouse!
Souvent elle prend la girafe
Elle ne l’aime pas.  Elle n’aime pas les jouets …
Mais elle est jalouse, alors elle la cache!

Billy prend les chaussettes.
Oui, il les vole.
Il les prend, mais il n’est pas jaloux.
Tu connais le sourire de Billy?
Oui, je l’adore!

Maggie et Billy aiment les friandises.
Ils les adorent!
Moi, j’adore Maggie et Billy.
Oui, je les aime beaucoup!


Index to all resources:

French Resources
Spanish Resources

My Room in Spanish




Describe your room in Spanish

My Room in Spanish Vocabulary + Prepositions:
Worksheet + Practice via a video clip
using Tengo (I have) + Prepositions to say where things are.
¿Qué tengo en mi cuarto?  What do I have in my bedroom?

VOCABULARY:
una cama             a bed
una cómoda         a chest of drawers
una estantería     a bookcase
una pared             a wall
una puerta           a door
una alfombra      a rug
una silla              a chair
una lámpara       a lamp
un espejo            a mirror
un escritorio      a desk
un armario         a closet, a bedroom cupboard
el suelo               the floor

PREPOSITIONS:
en                      in
sobre                 on
encima de         on, on top of
detrás de           behind
en frente de      in front of
al lado de          beside
contra               against
entre                 between

Free Downloadable PDF Worksheet

Video Transcript:

¿Qué tengo en mi cuarto?

Tengo paredes.
Tengo un espejo contra la pared.

Tengo una puerta.
Tengo un bolso detrás de la puerta.

Tengo una ventana.
Tengo una planta en frente de la ventana.

Tengo una estantería en mi cuarto.
Tengo una estantería.
Tengo un avión encima de la estantería.

Tengo una cama.
Tengo una guitarra y un calcetín sobre la cama.

Tengo un armario.
Tengo ropa en el armario.

Tengo un escritorio y una silla.
Encima del escritorio tengo una lámpara y un guía.
Tengo zapatos debajo de mi escritorio.

Tengo una alfombra.
Tengo una alfombra en el suelo.

Tengo una cómoda.
Tengo cosas al lado de mi cómoda.

Tengo una papelera.
Tengo una papelera entre la cómoda y la cama.

¿Qué tienes en tu cuarto?

Extra Vocabulary:
el bolso        the bag
la planta       the plant
el avión         the airplane
la guitarra    the guitar
el calcetín    the sock
la ropa            the clothes
el guía            the guide, guidebook

image for my room in Spanish


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The verb Tener – Tengo




Tengo – 1st Person of the Verb Tener

Introduction to the verb Tener via practice using the 1st person:
Tengo
Free Practice + Video Clip and downloadable PDF Worksheet.
Tener is an irregular Spanish verb which means to have.
In Spanish it also used with Age (to have + number of years) and feelings/states of being (to have + fear):
Tener   = to have
Tengo  = I have
Tienes = you have

¿Qué tienes?  What do you have?

Tengo un perro  =  I have a dog

Tener + AGE:
Tengo = I am … + age  (= I have + number of years)
¿Cuántos años tienes?     
(How old are you?)
Tengo 10 años = I am 10   (I have 10 years)

Tener + feelings such as hunger, thirst, cold, fear.
Tengo = I am … + Feelings
Use ‘tengo’ to say ‘I am + cold, hot, hungry, thirsty, sleepy, ashamed …
Tengo hambre  = I am hungry
Tengo miedo     = I am frightened

Free downloadable PDF Worksheet

TENER – Present Tense:
tengo          – I have
tienes         – you have
tiene           – he, she has
tenemos   – we have
tenéis         – you have
tienen        – they have


Index to all resources:

French Resources
Spanish Resources

On + verbs to describe school in French




Talk about school in French

Grammar + Practice using ON + verbs in the 3rd person.
French verb practice
in a resource for beginners about what happens at school.  Video clip for listening practice + downloadable translation practice.
Qu’est-ce qu’on fait à l’école?
What do we do at school?
On travaille =  one, we, you, works
On is an impersonal subject pronoun, always used with verbs in the 3rd person singular.
On = we, one, you, people, someone … depending on the context.   

Useful expressions using ON:
On y va!  Let’s go!  (the ‘y’ = there, not needed or there in the English translation)
On ne fait pas ça!  Don’t do that!  (We don’t do that!)

French practice + video clip for beginners using ON + verbs to talk about what happens at school.
Read and translate the words below the video clips.

1.  Grammar + Description in French AND English:

2. Repeat in French (NO English audio):

Downloadable Translation Practice:

Video Transcript in French:
Use it for translation practice.  (Answers can be checked by watching the video clip and reading the subtitles)

Qu’est-ce qu’on fait à l’école?
Petit on reste à la maison.
On est bien à la maison!
Pourquoi on va à l’école?
On fait quoi à l’école?
On fait la queue!
On apprend.
On écrit.
On fait de la musique.
On fait du théâtre.
On fait du sport.
On a des cours de natation.
On a une salle de classe.
Et on fait des amis.

Qu’est-ce qu’on fait à l’école de chiens?
On fait la queue!
On apprend beaucoup de choses.
On travaille.
On attend.
On écoute.
On saute.
On va dans un tunnel!
On répète beaucoup!
On fait des amis.

Après l’école on est fatigué!

image for talk about school in French


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The Weather in Spanish




Talk about the weather in Spanish

Practice using Spanish Weather Terms in context.
Vocabulary, Video Clip + Free Downloadable Worksheet for Revision and Practice:

¿Qué tiempo hace?  What is the weather like?
El Tiempo  the weather
¿Qué tiempo hace?  What is the weather like?

El calor  the heat
Hace calor   it’s hot

El frío   the cold
Hace frío  it’s cold

El viento   the wind
Hace viento  it’s windy

El sol    the sun
Hace sol   it’s sunny

La niebla   the fog
Hay niebla   there is fog

La nieve  the snow
nevar   to snow
Está nevando  it’s snowing

La lluvia  the rain
llover   to rain
Está lloviendo  it’s raining

El viento  the wind
soplar  to blow
Está soplando  it’s blowing

La tormenta  the storm
La nube  the cloud
La inundación  the flood
La sombra  the shade
El chubasco  the rain shower
El charco  the puddle
El relámpago  the lightning
El barro              the mud

El
amanecer
          the sunrise
La puesta del sol  the sunset
La madrugada     dawn

caliente         hot
caluroso        hot
seco                dry
fresco            cool
despejado    clear (sky)
húmedo        humid
helado            freezing
nublado         cloudy

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT
El Tiempo
La lluvia.
Está lloviendo.
Cuando llueve hay charcos.
Un charco.
Cuando llueve hay barro.
El barro.
Mojarse.
Estar mojado.
El perro está mojado.
Todo está mojado.
Por las mañanas hay niebla.
La niebla.
Una nube.
Un chubasco.
Las nubes traen chubascos.
Hace mal tiempo.
Es un relámpago.
Es una tormenta.
La tormenta.
Es una inundación.

El cielo.
La madrugada.
El cielo está precioso esta madrugada.
El amanecer.
La puesta del sol.
Un amanecer rojo anuncia mal tiempo.
Una puesta del sol roja anuncia buen tiempo para el día siguiente.
Es un cielo despejado.
Hace sol. Hace buen tiempo.
Es la primavera en Valencia.
Hace fresco por la mañana pero el sol brilla muy fuerte.

En verano hace calor.  El verano.
En verano la tierra está seca.
Los días son calurosos.
No hace tanto frío en el mar.
La arena está caliente.
¿Te gusta tomar el sol?
La sombra es muy bueno en verano.

Las temperaturas bajan en otoño.
El otoño.
Las hojas cambian de color.
Hay viento en otoño.
El viento está soplando.

El invierno.
Hace frío en invierno.
La tierra está dura y helada.
Mira la nieve.
Está nevando.
– – –

Free Downloadable Worksheet

A Green Mouse ‘Stories’ about the Weather + Seasonal Activities:
Winter – El invierno
Spring – La primavera
Summer – El verano

image for KS3 Spanish weather resource


Index to all resources:

French Resources
Spanish Resources