Ser and Estar Practice in the Present Tense with short sentences using the present tense of SER to introduce characters followed by ESTAR + a second Doing verb to say what they are doing. (The Present Continuous).
The doing verb is in a form called ‘the gerund’.
Free Spanish Practice with video clips + downloadable PDF Worksheet.
SER: SOY un cachorro I am a puppy ERES una niña you are a girl ES un muchacho he is a boy/youth SOMOS chicas we are girls SOIS hermanos you(plural) are brothers SON perros they are dogs
ESTAR + ‘Doing’ Verb: ESTOY comiendo I am eating ESTÁS nadando you are swimming ESTÁ durmiendo he is sleeping ESTAMOS saltando we are jumping ESTÁIS remando you (plural) are rowing ESTÁN descansando they are resting
Spanish verb practice using ‘SOY’ and ‘ESTOY’, 1st person present tense of SER and ESTAR, in short contrasting sentences.
Video clip to listen to and join in with + a downloadable PDF worksheet for translation practice.
Soy is the 1st person of SER in the Present Tense.
Estoy is the 1st person of ESTAR in the Present Tense.
SER + ESTAR both mean TO BE in Spanish, but they are not interchangeable:
Use the Verb SER to say who or what you are: Soy = 1st person of SER SoyI am Soy Billy I am Billy Soy un cachorro I am a puppy
Use the verb ESTAR to say where you are: Estoy = 1st person of ESTAR EstoyI am Estoy en una caja I am in a box
Think of WHAT nationality you are versus WHERE you are, e.g. which country you are in: Soy inglés (inglesa) – I am English Soy español (española) – I am Spanish Soy argentino (argentina) – I am Argentinian Soy americano (americana) – I am American
Estoy en España– I am in Spain Estoy en los Estados Unidos– I am in the US Estoy en Inglaterra– I am in England Estoy en Argentina– I am in Argentina
Listen and join in with the friendly characters as they say who or what they are followed by where they are using the 1st person present tense.
Eg: Soy una niña = I am a girl Estoy en la casa = I am in the house