Perfect Tense of AVOIR + Use of PASSER
Practice via a Video clip + downloadable Gap Fill Exercise.
The Perfect Tense of AVOIR is formed by using the present tense of AVOIR followed by the past participle of AVOIR: EU
J’ai + eu = I had, I have had
J’ai eu une bonne surprise
I had a lovely surprise
Tu as eu peur
you were frightened
Il a eu envie de partir
he wanted to leave
Nous avons eu une idée
we had an idea
Vous avez eu besoin d’aide
you needed help
Ils ont eu tort
they were wrong
(Uses of the verb AVOIR here)
WHEN TO USE PASSER:
The verb PASSER must be used instead of AVOIR to talk about having had a good/bad time in French because in French people talk about ‘having spent time’:
PASSER = to spend (time) … especially in the past
Passé is the past participle of Passer
J’ai passé une belle journée
I had a lovely day, I have had a lovely day
J’ai passé un bon weekend
I had a good weekend
Questions + Answers:
Tu as passé de bonnes vacances?
Oui, j’ai passé de bonnes vacances.
Non, je n’ai pas passé de bonnes vacances.
Vous avez passé un bon weekend?
Oui, nous avons passé un bon weekend.
Non, nous n’avons pas passé un bon weekend …
Use of Passer instead of Avoir in the Perfect Tense Worksheet