All posts by A Green Mouse

Fruit in French




Fruit in French

Learn the names of Fruit in French + their gender.
Video clip + free downloadable Worksheets.

Fruit is introduced using Indefinite Articles –
un, une, des:

Un    
=   a, an      with masculine singular words
Une 
=   a, an     with feminine singular words
Des   
=   Some    with all words in the plural

un melon(m)              a melon
un citron(m)               a lemon
un raisin blanc(m)  a white grape
un abricot(m)            an apricot
une mangue(f)          a mango
une cerise(f)              a cherry
une figue(f)                a fig
une nectarine(f)      a nectarine
une pêche(f)              a peach
une mandarine(f)   a mandarin (tangerine)
une pomme(f)           an apple
une poire(f)                a pear
une prune(f)              a plum
une banane(f)           a banana
une fraise(f)               a strawberry

Les  = The (in the plural)
Short simple phrases are used to talk about fruit in the video:
J’aime les cerises             =  I like cherries.
J’adore les abricots         =  I love apricots.
Les citrons sont amers  =  Lemons are bitter.

 Les (the) is used in French but not in English unless discussing or describing particular fruit.
E.g:
The apples on the table are for anyone.
The strawberries look delicious today.
The cherries on the menu come from France.
– – – 

Avoir l’air délicieux = to look delicious

Free Downloadable Worksheets:
Fruit in French Grammar Worksheet

Names of Fruit in French Worksheet

Phrases from the Video:
Les citrons sont amers  
Lemons are bitter.

D’autres melons
Other melons

J’aime beaucoup les cerises
I really like cherries

Tu aimes les figues?
Do you like figs?

Moi, j’aime les figues.
(Me), I like figs.

Elles ont l’air délicieux.
They look delicious.

Des raisins blancs aussi
Aussi = as well
Some white grapes as well.

Les pommes sont rouges
Apples are red.
(Use ‘The apples are red’  if talking about particular apples) 

Maintenant des poires
Now some pears.

Ces fraises ont l’air délicieux
Ces =  These/Those
These/those strawberries look delicious.

Enfin = Finally

Enfin des abricots
Finally some apricots.

J’adore les abricots
I love apricots!

. . . .

More Food and Drink resources available here:
French Food and Drink Resources

Fruit in Spanish




Fruit in Spanish – La Fruta

La fruta?  The fruit ..?   Yes. ‘The’ is included in Spanish, except in phrases such asking or saying whether there is any.  E.g:
Hay fruta.                              There is fruit
¿Qué hay para postre?   What is there for dessert?
Hay fruta para postre.   There is fruit for dessert.

Fruit in Spanish Vocabulary + Video Clips:

Big fruit such as watermelon or pineapple that is normally cut up and served in portions is referred to in the singular:
I like watermelon = Me gusta la sandía
I like pineapple      = Me gusta la piña

Smaller fruit like apples or strawberries is referred to in the plural:
I like apples               = Me gustan las manzanas
I like strawberries = Me gustan las fresas
I like lemons             = Me gustan los limones

Note:
Me gusta + singular words
(Me gusta la piña   = Pineapple pleases me!)
Me gustaN + plural words
(Me gustan las manzanas   = Apples please me!)

Indefinite Articles:
un, una         
= a + one
unos, unas  = some + more than one  

un mango (m)                   a mango
un melón (m)                    a melon
un limón (m)                     a lemon
un higo (m)                        a fig
un melocotón(m)           a peach
un plátano (m)                 a banana
un banano (m)                 a banana
un albaricoque(m)         an apricot
una cereza(f)                     a cherry
una nectarina (f)             a nectarine
una mandarina (f)          a mandarin
una uva blanca (f)          a white grape
una uva roja (f)                a red grape
una manzana roja(f)     a red apple
una pera (f)                        a pear
una ciruela (f)                  a plum
una fresa (f)                      a strawberry

Definite Articles:
el, la     = the
(singular)
los, las = the
(plural)

Me gusta la sandía – I like watermelon
Me gustan las ciruelas – I like plums

Los mangos.
Los melones.
Los limones.
Los melocotones.
Las cerezas.
Los higos.
Los plátanos.
Los albaricoques.

Las nectarinas.
Las mandarinas.
Las uvas blancas.
Las manzanas rojas.
Las peras.
Las ciruelas.
Las fresas.

¡Me encantan las fresas!  I love strawberries
¡Melocotones! ¡Qué linda palabra!
Peaches!  What a lovely word!

Un plato de fruit =  a fruit platter.
Fruit is served as a plate of fruit in Latin American countries instead of fruit salad.  It often includes slices of mango, watermelon, papaya and pineapple, plus a quarter of lemon to squeeze over the fruit, especially the papaya:
la piña(f)         pineapple
la sandía(f)    watermelon
la papaya(f)   papaya
image for Spanish tropical fruit

Use the video to listen and say the names of fruit used with ‘los’ for masculine names and ‘las’ for feminine names.
Join in.

More Practice:
Spanish Food and Drink Resources

Image for Spanish fruit vocabulary
Fruit in Spanish

Main Spanish Page:
Spanish Resources

Spanish Story: A New Puppy




A New Puppy in Spanish

Watch, listen, and read about the arrival of a new puppy settling into its new home using verbs in the 3rd person present tense.
Short story, Video clip and downloadable PDF Worksheets 
for friendly practice using verbs: Tener, Gustar, Ser, and Estar in the 3rd person, present tense.
Description of a tiny puppy + her activities and interests in Spanish:
TENER – to have
Tiene  =  she has
Tiene miedo    =  She is frightened (She has fear!)

GUSTAR – to like
Le gusta = it is pleasing to her
= She likes to play /  She likes playing

SER
Es  =  She is
Es hermosa   =  she is beautiful
Es cariñosa    =  she is affectionate

ESTAR
Está  =  She is
Está en la ropa sucia  =  she is in the dirty washing.

Video clip with Subtitles in Spanish and English:

Video clip with ONLY Spanish Subtitles:

Free downloadable PDF Worksheets:
A New Puppy in Spanish Gap Fill Worksheet

A New Puppy in Spanish Story + Questions Worksheet

image for simple Spanish story

Main Spanish Page:
Spanish Resources

Spanish Story: Dogs at the River




Short Story in Spanish for Children

Short, friendly action story with verbs in the 3rd person present tense to describe the activities of two dogs on a friendly walk by the river.  One likes swimming, the other does not.
Vocabulary, Verbs, Video Clips + Worksheets.

VOCABULARY:
algo              –  something
tambiém   –  as well
Nouns:
La boca (f)                       –  the mouth
El río (m)                          – the river
El agua (m)                      –  the water
El perro (m)                    –  the dog
Los perros (mpl.)         –  the dogs
Los barcos (mpl.)         –  the boats
Un palito (m)                 –  a little stick
Adjectives:
mojado      (/a/os/as)      –  wet
hermoso   (/a/os/as)      –  beautiful
contento   (/a/os/as)     –  happy, contented

VERBS:

Mira  =  Look!
Mira (el río)  –  Look (at the river)
Mira (el perro)  –  Look (at the dog)

a)  Verbs – What  Billy does/is doing:
Le gusta nadar      –  he likes swimming
Está nadando        –  he is swimming
Tiene (un palito en la boca) – he has (a little stick in his mouth)
Sale (del río)          – he comes out (of the river)
Está (mojado)          –  he is (wet)
Llega (despacio)  –  He arrives (slowly)
Se llama (Billy)  –  he is called (Billy)

b)  Verbs – What Maggie does:
Maggie corre  –  Maggie runs
No le gusta nadar  –  she doesn’t like swimming

c)  Verbs – What Billy AND Maggie do + how they are: 
(Los dos perros) corren   –  (The two dogs) run.
Están (contentos)  –  they are (happy)

d)  Verbs –  About the river:

Está (hermoso)  –  It is (beautiful) (at the time of the story)
Hay (barcos)  –  There are (boats)

Find these verbs in the story:
(Mirar)
        mira
(Estar)          está,   están
(tener)          tiene
(salir)           sale
(correr)        corre, corren
(esperar)      espera
(llegar)         llega
(gustar)       le gusta,  no le gusta

Billy llega despacio = Billy arrives slowly
‘Despacio’ describes the verb ‘llega’.  It is an adverb.

Spanish + English Subtitles:

Spanish + English:

Free Downloadable Worksheets:
Dogs at the River in Spanish Worksheet 1

Dogs at the River in Spanish Worksheet 2

The Story + Video Clip in Spanish:

Mira el río.
Mira el perro.  Se llama Billy.
Le gusta nadar.
¡Está nadando!
Tiene un palito en la boca.
Billy sale del río.
Billy está mojado.
Maggie corre.
A Maggie no le gusta nadar.
Maggie mira algo.
Billy mira algo también.
Hoy el río está hermoso.
Billy está en el agua.
Maggie espera Billy.
Billy llega despacio.
Los dos perros corren.
¡Mira!  Hay barcos.
¡Maggie y Billy están contentos!
¡Hasta luego!
– – – – –

image for Primary Spanish Story

Main Spanish Page:
Spanish Resources

French Story – Dogs at the River




Primary French Short Story

Dogs at the River – One likes swimming, the other does not.
Friendly short story in the present tense using verbs are in the 3rd person with a video + PDF Worksheet.

Il aime nager                       He likes swimming
 Elle n’aime pas nager   She does not like swimming

Qu’est-ce qu’il a?  What does he have?
Que fait-il?               What does he do?
Où est Billy?             Where is Billy?

French Subtitles:

French + English Subtitles:

Audio in French and English:

Free Downloadable Worksheets:

Worksheet 1
Worksheet 2

 

image for Primary French Story

Main French Page:  French Resources

French Strawberry Tart




Recipe for Tarte aux Fraises

There are four stages to making a homemade French strawberry tart:

1. Make shortcrust pastry, roll it out thinly, lift it into a 30cm tart tin, and bake it.
2. Make a thick vanilla-flavoured custard (crème pâtissière), pour it onto the cooked pastry case and let it set.
3. Cut strawberries in half and place them neatly over the set custard.
4. Make a sugary glaze to brush over the strawberries

RECIPE INSTRUCTIONS:
30cm metal tart tin
Oven Temperature:  180 C

1.  Shortcrust Pastry (= pâte brisée):
150g plain flour
75g butter

Method:
Rub the butter into the flour using just the tips of your fingers.
Add just enough cold water to turn the mixture into a ball of pastry dough.
Roll out the dough with a rolling pin, as thinly as possible, on a cool floured surface.
Make sure the pastry is at least 3cm wider than the pastry tin.
Lift it into the tin.  Cut off the leftover pastry with a knife and press a fork around the edges.
Cover the pastry base with greaseproof paper and something heavy that can go in the oven, e.g. baking beans:

image of baking beans

Bake for 15mns at 180 C
Check that the base is cooked, and leave to cool.

2.  Thick custard – Crème Pâtissière:
1/2 litre milk
4 egg yolks
100g sugar
1 tspn vanilla
30g plain flour
pinch salt
Method:
Heat the milk in a saucepan.
Mix egg yolks, sugar and flour in a bowl.
Gradually pour the warmed milk into the egg mixture, stirring all the time.
Pour the custard back into the saucepan and bring it slowly to the boil until the mixture starts to thicken.
Add vanilla + a pinch of salt and continue stirring for about a minute.
Turn off the heat, wait a few seconds, and then pour the custard into the pastry case.

3. Strawberries:
Cut 750g of strawberries in half, or quarters if very large, and place neatly over the crème pâtissière, starting from the outside of the tin and moving in circles into the middle.

4. Glaze:
Heat 2 tablespoons of fruit jelly/jam (Blackberry jelly is great) with 1 teaspoon of water, and brush over all the strawberries with a pastry brush.

Voilà!

image for French strawberry tart


– – – –

TARTE AUX PRUNES   (Plum Tart):
Delicious variation on the recipe for Tarte aux Fraises:
Follow the recipe for tarte aux fraises but use 2lbs of fresh plums instead of strawberries.
The big difference is that the plums need to be cooked first:
Cut the plums in half, take out the stones, and place them flesh down onto a heavy-based non-stick pan.
Sprinkle them with lots of caster or granulated sugar.
Bake until the skins of the plums look/taste quite caramelised.
Slide each of the plums carefully onto the custard trying to keep the plums whole and with their skins on top.
Cool and eat!

TARTE AUX POMMES (Apple Tart):
Another absolutely delicious variation on Tarte aux Fraises!
This time lightly butter two baking trays.
Slice about 6/7 apples (thinly but not too thinly) and lay them on the trays.
Bake them until soft.
Peel them off the trays and put them on the crème pâtissière.
Brush on a sugary glaze like the one in the strawberry tart recipe above.

Bought from a good French pâtisserie, these pastries are quite expensive, a really lovely treat, beautifully made with care and precision.
Much cheaper versions are available in large supermarkets, but they never look or taste quite as special.

French Resources

¡Vale la pena! It’s worth it …!

The image of the goldfinch chick below, beak open, hopeful and enthusiastic, symbolises the carefree energy and enthusiasm of children, and all that A Green Mouse stands for.

Children can develop very good pronunciation in a second language if they are exposed to it early enough.
It is a question of opportunity, not one available to all children, so this website is accessible and free to try to reach out and provide it for any child.

Accessible French & Spanish Practice for anyone … 

We all want to help our little guys to fly …!

Image for A Green Mouse Blog

Having a second language feels good, it makes life more interesting, it is good for the brain.
By starting young we give our children a better chance of success.

For quick access to all the free resources go to:
French for Children
Spanish for Children